The FAA released two proposed advisory circulars last week–AC 120-UPRT and AC 120-109A–to establish new guidelines for pilot upset training. These draft rules were developed as part of the qualification, service and use of crewmembers and aircraft dispatchers final rule published on November 12 last year.
AC 120-UPRT provides recommended practices for academic and flight simulation devices (FSTD) training, while AC 120-109A focuses on training, testing and checking of pilots to ensure they are responding correctly to both impending and full stalls. Core principles outlined in the UPRT AC include enhanced instructor training on simulator limitations, comprehensive academic training for pilots on aerodynamics, early recognition of divergence from intended flight path, upset prevention through improvements in manual handling skills and progressive intervention strategies for the pilot monitoring.
AC 120-109A was written to provide guidance and best practices for training, testing and checking of pilots to ensure they respond correctly to both impending and full stalls. The main topics in 109A include recognizing the need to reduce angle of attack for an impending or full stall, as well as teaching appropriate recovery techniques.