Compliance Countdown

Within 6 Months

 September 25, 2017
Update to EASA-qualified Simulators

A new notice of proposed amendment (NPA) from the European Aviation Safety Agency is aimed at updating flight training simulators to keep pace with current and proposed training requirements addressing approach-to-stalls; upset prevention and recovery; increasing the fidelity of the simulation of engine and airframe icing effects; and developing and deploying an instructor operating station feedback tool. Additionally, the NPA proposes the option to qualify simulators for the post-stall regime based on a special evaluation. These optional fidelity and testing requirements would support simulator operators having dual-qualified devices (both FAA- and EASA-qualified). Comments on the NPA are due Sept. 25, 2017.

 September 30, 2017
Comments Due on Canada’s Duty/Rest Time Proposal

Transport Canada has published the latest version of its flight crewmember duty and rest requirements for commercial operators, including air taxis. Comments can be submitted through September 30. The current proposal addresses comments submitted to a notice of proposed amendment (NPA) issued on Sept. 15, 2014, and subsequent meetings with stakeholders. The original proposal has been modified to set implementation of the new standards for air-taxi operators to four years after publication of the final rule. 

 October 23, 2017
FAA Aligns North Atlantic Nav Ops with ICAO Specs

Rules covering Part 91 operations of U.S.-registered aircraft over the North Atlantic have been updated to remove obsolete material and align them with ICAO standards covering the North Atlantic (NAT) minimum navigation performance specifications (MNPS). Revisions to Part 91 are required because the ICAO NAT Region is transitioning from the decades-old MNPS navigation specification to a more modern, performance-based navigation (PBN) specification.  The revisions go into effect on October 23.

 December 7, 2017 and January 30, 2020
Expansion of Datalink Com in North Atlantic

Phase 2 of the North Atlantic datalink mandate began with Phase 2a in February 2015, at which time flights within the North Atlantic Tracks (NAT) between FL350 and FL390 must be equipped with Fans 1/A controller-pilot datalink communications (CPDLC) and ADS-C systems. The program expands to these altitudes in the entire ICAO NAT region on Dec. 7, 2017, and to all flights in this region above FL290 on Jan. 30, 2020, a month sooner than the previous revised date. 

 December 30, 2017
Many RCO Radio Frequencies To Be Decommissioned

Beginning late this year (exact date to be announced), the FAA is scheduled to start decommissioning 641 remote communications outlet (RCO) radio frequencies used by Flight Service Stations to communicate with aircraft in flight. The frequencies are associated with dedicated RCOs and 237 outlets co-located with VORs. Frequencies in Alaska and those designated for emergency or military use are not affected by this reduction program. A Mitre study done for the agency concluded that as many as 666 frequencies could be removed and the remaining frequencies would still provide from 93 to 100 percent coverage between 1,000 and 5,000 feet msl. Notams will be issued as each frequency is decommissioned. 

 January 1, 2018
Deadline for European 8.33-kHz Spacing

Starting Jan. 1, 2018, aircraft might not be able to operate in any EU member states’ controlled airspace unless they are equipped with communications systems that have 8.33-kHz voice-channel spacing capability. Eurocontrol says extending 8.33 kHz below FL195 down to ground level is important, as “Europe has a known shortage of voice communication frequencies.” The 8.33-kHz requirement for higher altitudes in controlled airspace has been in effect for some time. According to Eurocontrol, the consequences should this shortage of com frequencies not be addressed are “significant: there will be more air traffic delays; it will be harder to implement safety improvements; and we will lose flexibility in introducing operational enhancements.”

Within 12 Months

 June 16, 2018 and January 1, 2019
Upgraded CVRs and Underwater Locators Required

New regulations from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) will require upgraded CVRs and underwater locating devices (ULDs) to be installed. Starting June 16, 2018, ULDs must be capable of transmitting for at least 90 days instead of 30 days. By Jan. 1, 2019, airplanes with an mtow of at least 59,500 pounds with more than 19 passenger seats and performing transoceanic flights must be retrofitted with an “additional ULD with a very long detection range.” Also by Jan. 1, 2019, all CVRs with a 30-minute recording duration must be replaced by units with two-hour recording capability. Additionally, CVRs recording on magnetic tape must be replaced by solid-state units.

Beyond 12 Months

 November 8, 2018
ICAO Adopts 15-min. Position Reporting

The International Civil Aviation Organization Council adopted a tracking standard for certain international flights that requires crews to report their aircraft’s position at least every 15 minutes. It will become effective in March 2016 and applicable Nov. 8, 2018. The new requirement will be formalized as Amendment 39 to Annex 6–Operation of Aircraft, Part I. The new standard is the outcome of recommendations stemming from the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 while en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing, China, on March 8, 2014. The search for that aircraft was called off in January 2017.

 June 16, 2018 and January 1, 2019
Upgraded CVRs and Underwater Locators Required

New regulations from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) will require upgraded CVRs and underwater locating devices (ULDs) to be installed. Starting June 16, 2018, ULDs must be capable of transmitting for at least 90 days instead of 30 days. By Jan. 1, 2019, airplanes with an mtow of at least 59,500 pounds with more than 19 passenger seats and performing transoceanic flights must be retrofitted with an “additional ULD with a very long detection range.” Also by Jan. 1, 2019, all CVRs with a 30-minute recording duration must be replaced by units with two-hour recording capability. Additionally, CVRs recording on magnetic tape must be replaced by solid-state units.

 December 31, 2019
Taiwan ADS-B Compliance Delayed

The Republic of China will postpone from December 31 this year to Dec. 31, 2019, compliance with ADS-B out equipment within the Taiwan FIR above FL290. China is forced to delay compliance because too few aircraft are equipped to render the original ADS-B plan achievable. However, the new deadline for Taiwan essentially coincides with the Jan. 1, 2020 U.S. mandate for ADS-B out compliance. Europe’s ADS-B out mandate remains scheduled for June 7, 2020.

 January 1, 2020
U.S. ADS-B out Mandate

ADS-B out equipment must be operational starting Jan.1, 2020 in aircraft that fly in the U.S. under IFR and where transponders are currently required, namely class A, B and C airspace.

 January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards Adopted

The first international standards for CO2 aircraft emissions have been enacted by ICAO and initially apply to large subsonic jets, including business jets, for which the application for a type certificate was submitted on or after Jan. 1, 2020. The standard would apply to new deliveries of current in-production large aircraft starting Jan 1, 2023. All covered in-production airplanes must meet the standard by Jan. 1, 2028. Jet airplanes with an mtow under 12,500 pounds, and piston-engine airplanes and turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, are exempt. 

 December 7, 2017 and January 30, 2020
Expansion of Datalink Com in North Atlantic

Phase 2 of the North Atlantic datalink mandate began with Phase 2a in February 2015, at which time flights within the North Atlantic Tracks (NAT) between FL350 and FL390 must be equipped with Fans 1/A controller-pilot datalink communications (CPDLC) and ADS-C systems. The program expands to these altitudes in the entire ICAO NAT region on Dec. 7, 2017, and to all flights in this region above FL290 on Jan. 30, 2020, a month sooner than the previous revised date. 

 February 5, 2020
European Controller-Pilot Datalink Comm

Europe won’t require aircraft operators to equip for controller-pilot datalink communications (CPDLC) until February 2020, due to technical problems. The European Commission expects the entity managing the Single European Sky ATM Research effort will recommend remedial actions for ground infrastructure issues next year. Additionally, European Commission figures showed that only 40 percent of operators would have been ready to use CPDLC by the original deadline of February this year.

 June 7, 2020
European ADS-B out Mandate

The ADS-B Out retrofit requirement in Europe takes effect June 7, 2020. This date is about six months later than the U.S. ADS-B Out mandate. The ADS-B Out requirement in Europe had been June 8, 2016 for new aircraft. 

 January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards Adopted

The first international standards for CO2 aircraft emissions have been enacted by ICAO and initially apply to large subsonic jets, including business jets, for which the application for a type certificate was submitted on or after Jan. 1, 2020. The standard would apply to new deliveries of current in-production large aircraft starting Jan 1, 2023. All covered in-production airplanes must meet the standard by Jan. 1, 2028. Jet airplanes with an mtow under 12,500 pounds, and piston-engine airplanes and turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, are exempt.