RAYTHEON BEECH 400A, BALTIMORE, MD., MAY 1, 2002–Beechjet N498CW, a fractionally owned and operated airplane managed by Flight Options, was substantially damaged during a landing overrun at Baltimore-Washington International Airport. No injuries were reported. The NTSB blamed the captain’s failure to go around.
Southwest Airlines Flight
CESSNA CITATION S550, BIG BEAR, CALIF., AUG. 13, 2002–The NTSB determined that the probable cause of the Citation runway accident was the pilot’s failure to obtain the proper touchdown point, which resulted in an overrun.
The FAA issued Advisory Circular 91-79 for pilots and operators of turbine-powered airplanes to identify, understand and mitigate risks associated with runway overruns during landing. According to FAA and NTSB data, runway overruns during landing account for about 10 incidents or accidents every year, with many accidents resulting in fatalities.
The NTSB last month made an “urgent” recommendation to the FAA in response to the December 2005 fatal runway overrun at Chicago Midway Airport, calling for the agency to require operators to conduct arrival landing-distance assessments before every landing based on existing performance data and actual conditions, and to incorporate a safety margin of at least 15 percent.
Dassault Falcon 20, Swanton, Ohio April 8, 2003–At approximately 1:50 p.m. EST Falcon N183GA, operated by Grand Aire Express, was destroyed when it struck trees while on an instrument approach to Toledo Express Airport (TOL) in Swanton. Both ATP-rated pilots and a pilot-rated passenger were killed in the crash.
LEARJET 35A, GROTON, CONN., AUG. 4, 2003–The first officer’s inadvertent retraction of the flaps during low-altitude maneuvering caused Learjet N135PT to stall and crash into a house while attempting to land at the Groton/New London Airport, said the NTSB. Factors were the captain’s decision to perform a low-altitude maneuver using excessive bank angle, the flight crew’s inadequate coordination and low clouds surrounding the airport.
BOMBARDIER LEARJET 25C, LEXINGTON, KY., AUG. 30, 2002–The captain’s addition of forward thrust during the landing rollout, resulting in a lack of braking effectiveness, was listed by the NTSB as the cause of a runway overrun accident by Learjet 25C N45CP. A factor was the captain’s inability to deploy the thrust reversers for undetermined reasons.
The NTSB determined Tuesday that the probable cause of the Dec. 5, 2005 landing overrun of a Southwest Airlines Boeing 737 at Chicago Midway Airport was the pilots' failure to use reverse thrust to slow the airplane after landing. This occurred because the pilots' lack of experience with the airplane's autobrake system distracted them from using the thrust reversers, the Safety Board said.
Cessna 525A CitationJet, Dexter, Maine, Oct. 7, 2002–Citation N57EJ was substantially damaged during a runway overrun at Dexter Regional Airport (1B0). The ATP pilot and one passenger received serious injuries, and two passengers received minor injuries.
Following a runway overrun at Colorado’s Garfield County Regional Airport (RIL) on March 23, the operator of the Falcon 900 that departed Runway 26 after landing is working with investigators and Dassault Falcon Jet to figure out what happened. The Falcon 900 was operated by Xojet, a charter/management company headquartered in San Carlos, Calif., and was on a repositioning flight from Scottsdale, Ariz.