Bombardier is on the cusp of flying the Global 7000 long-range, four-zone business jet, having completed all safety of flight tests and begun ground taxi tests. The first flight will almost coincide with the 20th anniversary of the first flight of the original Global Express on Oct. 13, 1996.
Michel Ouellette, senior v-p of the Global 7000/8000 program, called that anniversary “a huge milestone” that reflects on the successful path the original Global program established. “We’re walking into the next success with the Global 7000 and 8000,” he added.
Bombardier is taking an “all hands on deck” approach to getting the Global 7000 not only to first flight but to market by the second half of 2018. The 7000/8000 program is to become the crown jewel of the manufacturer’s business aircraft fleets. Unveiled in 2010, the 7000, the first of the program, has suffered delays as Bombardier struggled to manage cash flow among several research and development programs in recent years. The 8000, meanwhile, is waiting in the wings while Bombardier works to get the 7000 to market.
“First flight is a major gate to continue building the program's momentum, and will also trigger some much needed cash from deposits due from order holders,” said industry analyst Rolland Vincent.
But despite those cash flow issues Ouellette said there has been no compromise on the aircraft. With four distinct living spaces and a 54-foot, seven-inch-long cabin, the 7000 will be larger than any other Global, something that Ouellette said makes it “segment defining.” It is also showing that it can meet the 7,400-nm range and a speed of Mach 0.925.
The $72.5 million jet has been a strong seller by all indications. Bombardier officals noted that the 7000/8000 program has contributed significantly to its backlog, which stood at $17 billion at midyear.
While Bombardier does not disclose orders, Vincent, who is president of Rolland Vincent Associates, estimates that Bombardier has accumulated orders for about two hundred 7000/8000s, the vast majority being for the 7000. “I am sure they are keeping the 8000 on their long-term radar, but the market has clearly spoken that cabin trumps range when we are out at these numbers,” he said, referring to the 8000’s shorter cabin but longer range. “The interior of the Global 7000 is pretty spectacular, and Bombardier has been demonstrating tremendous leadership in developing the cabins of the future. They have nicely leveraged their early-on experience with widebody Challengers to raise the bar in aircraft interiors.” He cautions, however, that competitors are “fast following.”
The Global 7000 customer base has held strong, even with the two-year delay in the program announced last year. Bombardier has continually kept customers informed about the progress of the program, shoring up their loyalty.
FTV 1 is completed and nearly ready to fly, and FTVs 2 through 5 are in various stages of production.
The program is “progressing well,” Ouellette said. “Everything we have to do in terms of testing…for safety of flight for first flight is done and behind us.” He noted the company has been methodical, ensuring complete ground testing “to make sure that when the aircraft enters flight-test it is less in discovery mode and more in validation mode.”
On FTV 1, electrical power was switched on some time ago and, following fuel-flow tests, the engines and APU were powered up more recently. The company checked off a number of functional tests, including a landing gear swing test that was accomplished on the aircraft rather than a typical rig test. Bombardier also completed ground vibration tests in recent weeks, a “big step” toward first flight. The multi-day ground vibration test validates control laws, Ouellette noted.
Bombardier has moved FTV 1, which will test basic performance, into a dedicated hangar that focuses strictly on “everything we need to do from an experimental point of view,” Ouellette said, adding “it’s a highly instrumented [aircraft]. It is loaded from tip to tail.”
The program took a step forward this past spring when the GE Passport engine received certification. That also facilitated “going from discovery to validation,” he said, and “gives us strong confidence…as we go into flight-tests.”
In October, the Wichita-based flight-test team had been in Toronto, where the aircraft is being assembled, to ease the handover into flight-test. Before the NBAA Convention, Bombardier was working to finish low- and high-speed taxi tests, along with remaining functional tests. Initial flights will take place in Toronto, before the aircraft moves to Wichita to embark on the full flight-test program.
The flight-test program will use five aircraft. Ouellette stressed that alongside FTV 1 there has been “a lot of focus on subsequent FTVs.” FTV 2, which will be used for engine testing, is nearly complete, with engines and landing gear installed and the floorboards beginning to close. The aircraft has already had initial power-on.
FTV 3, which will be used for avionics/electrical checks, has the cockpit installed, fuselage and wings joined and landing gear installed. FTV 4, which will primarily test the interior, is also in final assembly with the wing joined and the center fuselage received. FTV 5 “is on its way,” added Ouellette. “It’s a full pipeline.”
Beyond the aircraft production, the company is taking special care to ensure that progress with the interiors matches the pace of the aircraft. With a four-zone cabin, he said, the company has a “strong focus on this program to do things differently on the interior.”
Bombardier has received a complete shipset of furniture, which Ouellette stressed “is not a mockup. It’s a real one that passed flammability so it can fly.” The components will undergo testing in a rig specifically designed to represent the aluminum fuselage of the 7000. “We reinvented the way we do this,” he said. The cabinets will be installed for form, fit and function testing, including for natural movement and deflections of the fuselage. “Once that’s done and we’ve ironed out all the bugs, we can take that shipset and put it into FTV 4 and go fly. The only thing we can’t simulate on the ground is flying.”
This testing is particularly important to ensure that the program remains on track for its timeline, he said, noting that Bombardier has folded “a lot of innovation into this. To meet the second half of 2018, lessons learned on the completion side have shown us that we want to do this a year ahead.”
While assembled in Toronto, the aircraft will be completed at Bombardier’s center in Montreal that outfits other Globals and Challengers. As the flight-test program matures, executives said they will share more detailed plans for support and maintainability, but hinted that maintenance intervals will be longer than anything they have reached with current production aircraft.