Compliance Countdown

Within 6 Months

 January 25, 2019
EASA: Runway Alerting Systems

The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) has issued a notice of proposed amendment (NPA) to require the installation of a runway overrun awareness and alerting system on Part 25 large airplane operated in commercial air transportation (CAT). The agency said the proposed regulatory changes are “expected to increase safety by supporting the flight crew during the landing phase in identifying and managing the risk of a runway excursion.” Comments are due by Jan. 15, 2019.

 January 31, 2019
Canada Revises CRM Requirements

Transport Canada has introduced so-called “contemporary” crew resource management (CRM) training standards applicable to commercial aircraft operations, including air taxis. The new requirements go into effect Jan. 31, 2019. This latest iteration of CRM now includes the concept of threat and error management (TEM). TEM “advocates the careful analysis of potential hazards and taking the appropriate steps to avoid, trap, or mitigate threats and manage errors before they lead to an undesired aircraft state.”   

 February 14, 2019
Air-taxi and Charter Broker Disclosure Rules

More than five years after issuing a notice of proposed rulemaking toughening requirements to better protect charter passengers from unscrupulous operators and brokers, the DOT has issued final rules. The new requirements, effective Feb. 14, 2019, stem from several accidents in the early 2000s in which the NTSB investigations revealed illegal operations, unclear delineation between the broker and the operator, murky responsibilities, and poor federal oversight of the air-taxi business.

 February 19, 2019
U.S.: Single-Engine ATP Candidates

An FAA proposal would remove the requirement to complete training in a simulator for multiengine aircraft when pilots are seeking an initial ATP certificate concurrently with a single-engine airplane type rating. When this training requirement became effective there were no single-engine airplanes that required the pilot to obtain a PIC-type rating. However, with certification of the Cirrus SF50 Vision Jet there is now a single-engine airplane that requires the PIC to obtain a type rating. Comments are due Feb. 19, 2019. 

 February 28, 2019
Australia: Fuel Requirement Rules

New rules covering minimum fuel requirements for all Australian aircraft were scheduled to start on November 8, 2018 but have now been extended to Feb. 28, 2019. The rules re-introduce a 30-minute fixed fuel reserve requirement, reduce reserve requirements for day VFR operations in small piston or turboprop airplanes, require pilots to conduct in-flight fuel management with regular fuel quantity checks and if required declare “mayday fuel,” and introduce “additional fuel,” which simplifies the planning requirements for fuel contingencies. The changes more closely align Australian fuel rules with U.S. standards and ICAO recommended practices. 

 March 28, 2019
North Atlantic Tracks

An upcoming trial of Advanced Surveillance-Enhanced Procedural Separation (ASEPS) using ADS-B in the Shanwick, Gander, and Santa Maria Oceanic Control Areas of the North Atlantic Track is scheduled to begin on or soon after March 28, 2019. Aircraft need to be ADS-B compliant, meet RNP-4 specs and have RVSM approval to participate in the reduced separation trial.

Within 12 Months

 December 31, 2019
Taiwan ADS-B Compliance Delayed

The Republic of China postponed from Dec. 31, 2017, to Dec. 31, 2019, compliance with ADS-B out equipment within the Taiwan FIR above FL290. China is forced to delay compliance because too few aircraft are equipped to render the original ADS-B plan achievable. However, the new deadline for Taiwan essentially coincides with the Jan. 1, 2020 U.S. mandate for ADS-B out compliance. Europe’s ADS-B out mandate remains scheduled for June 7, 2020.

 January 1, 2020
U.S. ADS-B out Mandate

ADS-B out equipment must be operational starting Jan.1, 2020 in aircraft that fly in the U.S. under IFR and where transponders are currently required, namely class A, B and C airspace.

 January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards Adopted

The first international standards for CO2 aircraft emissions have been enacted by ICAO and initially apply to large subsonic jets, including business jets, for which the application for a type certificate was submitted on or after Jan. 1, 2020. The standard would apply to new deliveries of current in-production large aircraft starting Jan 1, 2023. All covered in-production airplanes must meet the standard by Jan. 1, 2028. Jet airplanes with an mtow under 12,500 pounds, and piston-engine airplanes and turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, are exempt. 

Beyond 12 Months

 December 7, 2017 and January 30, 2020
Expansion of Datalink Com in North Atlantic

Phase 2 of the North Atlantic datalink mandate began with Phase 2a in February 2015, at which time flights within the North Atlantic Tracks (NAT) between FL350 and FL390 must be equipped with Fans 1/A controller-pilot datalink communications (CPDLC) and ADS-C systems. The program expands to these altitudes in the entire ICAO NAT region on Dec. 7, 2017, and to all flights in this region above FL290 on Jan. 30, 2020, a month sooner than the previous revised date. 

 February 5, 2020
European Controller-Pilot Datalink Comm

Europe won’t require aircraft operators to equip for controller-pilot datalink communications (CPDLC) until February 2020, due to technical problems. The European Commission expects the entity managing the Single European Sky ATM Research effort will recommend remedial actions for ground infrastructure issues next year. Additionally, European Commission figures showed that only 40 percent of operators would have been ready to use CPDLC by the original deadline of February this year.

 March 26, 2020
Australia: Flight and Duty Times

Commercial operators, including business aircraft charter and fractional operators, will need to transition to new fatigue requirements by March 26, 2020. The revised rules include a revision of flight and duty periods to align more closely to international averages, an updated approach to approving and monitoring fatigue risk management systems, and improved guidance on flight and duty time limits and fatigue risk management systems.

 June 7, 2020
European ADS-B out Mandate

The ADS-B Out retrofit requirement in Europe takes effect June 7, 2020. This date is about six months later than the U.S. ADS-B Out mandate. The ADS-B Out requirement in Europe had been June 8, 2016 for new aircraft. 

 August 14, 2020
EU: Pilot Mental Fitness

More than three years after the copilot deliberately crashed a Germanwings Airbus A320 into a mountain, the European Union has published revised air operations safety rules to incorporate provisions to better identify, assess and treat the psychological fitness of air crew. The new rules, applicable to commercial air transport operators with airplanes and helicopters, go into effect Aug. 14, 2020

 December 31, 2020
Stage 5 Noise Rules Go Into Effect

A more stringent noise standard for newly certified jet airplanes goes into effect starting Dec. 31, 2020 for applications for new aircraft with an mtow of  less than 121,254 pounds. Last December, the revised requirements began to apply to new applications for aircraft with mtow of 121,254 pounds or more. The agency stressed that the rule, known as Stage 5, is “intended only for new aircraft and is not signaling the start of an action aimed at phasing out the existing noise standards that apply to the production or operation of current models.”  

 January 1, 2021
EASA: Cockpit Voice Recorders

Cockpit voice recorders with a recording duration of at least 25 hours will be required on commercial airplanes with an mtow of 60,000 pounds or more manufactured from Jan. 1, 2021.

 January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards Adopted

The first international standards for CO2 aircraft emissions have been enacted by ICAO and initially apply to large subsonic jets, including business jets, for which the application for a type certificate was submitted on or after Jan. 1, 2020. The standard would apply to new deliveries of current in-production large aircraft starting Jan 1, 2023. All covered in-production airplanes must meet the standard by Jan. 1, 2028. Jet airplanes with an mtow under 12,500 pounds, and piston-engine airplanes and turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, are exempt.