Compliance Countdown

Within 6 Months

 April 30, 2018
EASA Proposal for PBN Operations

The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) issued a notice of proposed amendment (NPA) updating the requirements and introducing new conditions enabling aircraft to obtain approval for performance-based navigation (PBN) operations.  The new sections are specifically dedicated to support global PBN operations, as well as provide an acceptable means of compliance (AMC) and guidance material (GM). Once adopted, the requirements will apply only to new applications. Comments are due April 30, 2018.  

 May 10, 2018
Helimed IFR Ops at Non-Wx Reporting Locales

An FAA notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) would permit Part 135 helicopter ambulance operators whose aircraft are not equipped with functioning radar or lightning-strike detection to conduct IFR departures and approaches at airports and heliports that do not have an approved weather reporting source. However, the rule would apply only when there is no reasonable expectation of severe weather at the destination, the alternate, or along the route of flight. This rulemaking also proposes to include additional types of departure procedures currently not acceptable for use by helimed operations. Comments on the NPRM are due by May 10.

 June 16, 2018 and January 1, 2019
Upgraded CVRs and Underwater Locators Required

New regulations from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) will require upgraded CVRs and underwater locating devices (ULDs) to be installed. Starting June 16, 2018, ULDs must be capable of transmitting for at least 90 days instead of 30 days. By Jan. 1, 2019, airplanes with an mtow of at least 59,500 pounds with more than 19 passenger seats and performing transoceanic flights must be retrofitted with an “additional ULD with a very long detection range.” Also by Jan. 1, 2019, all CVRs with a 30-minute recording duration must be replaced by units with two-hour recording capability. Additionally, CVRs recording on magnetic tape must be replaced by solid-state units.

 June 27, 2018
Proposal Tightens FDR/CVR Requirements

An EASA notice of proposed amendment (NPA) aims to improve the reliability of flight recorders. In particular, the aim of the proposal is to increase the robustness of flight recorders to the loss of their power supplies; prevent the premature termination of recordings due to the untimely triggering of negative acceleration sensors, and define the certification requirements for combination recorders and deployable recorders. Comments on the NPA are due by June 27. 

 September 30, 2018
Part 91 Revised CPDLC Deadline

The FAA extended its deadline for Part 91 operators to receive revised authorizations for using controller pilot datalink communications (CPDLC), although operators hoping to take advantage of reduced spacing along certain North Atlantic Tracks (NAT) must also be in compliance with ICAO’s performance-based communications and surveillance (PBCS) requirements. The new deadline is Sept. 30, 2018, to provide additional time for the agency to process revised LOA applications. While the FAA's datalink deadline is separate from the PBCS mandate, the two are linked through use of CPDLC.

Within 12 Months

 November 8, 2018
ICAO Adopts 15-min. Position Reporting

The International Civil Aviation Organization Council adopted a tracking standard for certain international flights that requires crews to report their aircraft’s position at least every 15 minutes. It will become effective in March 2016 and applicable Nov. 8, 2018. The new requirement will be formalized as Amendment 39 to Annex 6–Operation of Aircraft, Part I. The new standard is the outcome of recommendations stemming from the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 while en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing, China, on March 8, 2014. The search for that aircraft was called off in January 2017.

 June 16, 2018 and January 1, 2019
Upgraded CVRs and Underwater Locators Required

New regulations from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) will require upgraded CVRs and underwater locating devices (ULDs) to be installed. Starting June 16, 2018, ULDs must be capable of transmitting for at least 90 days instead of 30 days. By Jan. 1, 2019, airplanes with an mtow of at least 59,500 pounds with more than 19 passenger seats and performing transoceanic flights must be retrofitted with an “additional ULD with a very long detection range.” Also by Jan. 1, 2019, all CVRs with a 30-minute recording duration must be replaced by units with two-hour recording capability. Additionally, CVRs recording on magnetic tape must be replaced by solid-state units.

 January 31, 2019
Canada Revises CRM Requirements

Transport Canada has introduced so-called “contemporary” crew resource management (CRM) training standards applicable to commercial aircraft operations, including air taxis. The new requirements go into effect Jan. 31, 2019. This latest iteration of CRM now includes the concept of threat and error management (TEM). TEM “advocates the careful analysis of potential hazards and taking the appropriate steps to avoid, trap, or mitigate threats and manage errors before they lead to an undesired aircraft state.”   

Beyond 12 Months

 December 31, 2019
Taiwan ADS-B Compliance Delayed

The Republic of China postponed from Dec. 31, 2017, to Dec. 31, 2019, compliance with ADS-B out equipment within the Taiwan FIR above FL290. China is forced to delay compliance because too few aircraft are equipped to render the original ADS-B plan achievable. However, the new deadline for Taiwan essentially coincides with the Jan. 1, 2020 U.S. mandate for ADS-B out compliance. Europe’s ADS-B out mandate remains scheduled for June 7, 2020.

 January 1, 2020
U.S. ADS-B out Mandate

ADS-B out equipment must be operational starting Jan.1, 2020 in aircraft that fly in the U.S. under IFR and where transponders are currently required, namely class A, B and C airspace.

 January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards Adopted

The first international standards for CO2 aircraft emissions have been enacted by ICAO and initially apply to large subsonic jets, including business jets, for which the application for a type certificate was submitted on or after Jan. 1, 2020. The standard would apply to new deliveries of current in-production large aircraft starting Jan 1, 2023. All covered in-production airplanes must meet the standard by Jan. 1, 2028. Jet airplanes with an mtow under 12,500 pounds, and piston-engine airplanes and turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, are exempt. 

 December 7, 2017 and January 30, 2020
Expansion of Datalink Com in North Atlantic

Phase 2 of the North Atlantic datalink mandate began with Phase 2a in February 2015, at which time flights within the North Atlantic Tracks (NAT) between FL350 and FL390 must be equipped with Fans 1/A controller-pilot datalink communications (CPDLC) and ADS-C systems. The program expands to these altitudes in the entire ICAO NAT region on Dec. 7, 2017, and to all flights in this region above FL290 on Jan. 30, 2020, a month sooner than the previous revised date. 

 February 5, 2020
European Controller-Pilot Datalink Comm

Europe won’t require aircraft operators to equip for controller-pilot datalink communications (CPDLC) until February 2020, due to technical problems. The European Commission expects the entity managing the Single European Sky ATM Research effort will recommend remedial actions for ground infrastructure issues next year. Additionally, European Commission figures showed that only 40 percent of operators would have been ready to use CPDLC by the original deadline of February this year.

 June 7, 2020
European ADS-B out Mandate

The ADS-B Out retrofit requirement in Europe takes effect June 7, 2020. This date is about six months later than the U.S. ADS-B Out mandate. The ADS-B Out requirement in Europe had been June 8, 2016 for new aircraft. 

 December 31, 2020
Stage 5 Noise Rules Go Into Effect

A more stringent noise standard for newly certified jet airplanes goes into effect starting Dec. 31, 2020 for applications for new aircraft with an mtow of  less than 121,254 pounds. Last December, the revised requirements began to apply to new applications for aircraft with mtow of 121,254 pounds or more. The agency stressed that the rule, known as Stage 5, is “intended only for new aircraft and is not signaling the start of an action aimed at phasing out the existing noise standards that apply to the production or operation of current models.”  

 January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards Adopted

The first international standards for CO2 aircraft emissions have been enacted by ICAO and initially apply to large subsonic jets, including business jets, for which the application for a type certificate was submitted on or after Jan. 1, 2020. The standard would apply to new deliveries of current in-production large aircraft starting Jan 1, 2023. All covered in-production airplanes must meet the standard by Jan. 1, 2028. Jet airplanes with an mtow under 12,500 pounds, and piston-engine airplanes and turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, are exempt.