Compliance Countdown

Within 6 Months

 April 14, 2021
U.S.: Aircraft Noise Research

The FAA seeks comments on updated aircraft noise research efforts that would be used to establish future aircraft noise policies. The FAA says it will “carefully consider public and other stakeholder input along with any additional research needed to improve the understanding of the effects of aircraft noise exposure on communities” before it makes any policy determinations on noise policies, including any revised use of the day-night average sound level noise metric. Comments on this notice are due by April 14, 2021.

 April 14, 2021
EASA: Chip Detection Systems

This notice of proposed amendment introduces new objective-based certification specifications for the performance of small and large rotorcraft chip detection systems. The objective of this proposal is to ensure that the chip detection systems installed in rotor drive components achieve an acceptable minimum level of detecting ferromagnetic particles indicating the incipient failure or degradation of internal gearbox components. Comments on the proposal are due by April 14, 2021.        

 April 6, 2021 and April 21, 2021
U.S. Unmanned Aircraft Systems

The FAA has delayed by one month the effective date of the final rule, ‘‘Operation of Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems Over People,’’ until April 21, 2021, except for certain provisions pertaining to remote pilot certification and qualification, which are delayed until April 6, 2021.

 April 22, 2021
FAA: Florida Metroplex

The FAA on April 22 will implement the first phase of the South-Central Florida Metroplex, the agency’s plan to move flights more safely and efficiently across the southern half of the state. Metroplex procedures will allow flights that are more direct and have more efficient climb and descent profiles. The agency will publish 54 new procedures on April 22. However, 17 of the procedures will require additional training of air traffic controllers and automation upgrades at ATC facilities before they can be implemented, which is expected to occur by mid-August.

 May 13, 2021
EASA: AFIS Phraseology

The introduction of revised ATC-provided airport flight information service (AFIS) requirements on Jan. 27, 2022 necessitates the establishment of standardized phraseology to be used for air–ground voice communications when providing such service. EASA has proposed regulations to ensure that standard phraseology is incorporated into the new AFIS requirements. Comments are due by May 13, 2021.

 May 25, 2021
EASA: Helicopter Bird Strikes

Windshield bird-strike protection rules are proposed for EASA Part CS-27 small helicopters. The requirements will apply to newly design rotorcraft in Europe and be similar to the bird-strike standards that have been in place since 1996 for Part CS-29 and U.S. FAR Part 29 large helicopter designs. Comments on the proposal are due by May 25, 2021.

 May 27, 2021 and August 25, 2021
EASA: Aging Aircraft Structure

Incremental deadlines are set for implementing new and revised EASA regulations to address large turbine airplane structural aging risk factors. These risks include fatigue of the basic type design, widespread fatigue damage, corrosion, fatigue from modifications and repairs, and continued operation with unsafe levels of fatigue cracking. Design approval holders are required to develop data to support continuing structural integrity programs. At the same time, operators of covered airplanes need to revise their aircraft maintenance programs to incorporate those data and to address the adverse effects of modifications and repairs on each airframe. The first of several incremental deadlines, including the submission of compliance plans by STC holders, is May 27, 2021, and August 25, 2021.

 May 31, 2021
EASA: Helicopter Ditching Survivability

Improving the survivability of occupants in a water impact from a helicopter ditching is the subject of a notice of proposed amendment (NPA) from the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). The NPA would revise type certification standards for both small (Part CS-27) and large (Part CS-29) rotorcraft by requiring several design improvements. In addition, this NPA also proposes some minor enhancements to the certification specifications for new applications for approving ditching and emergency flotation provisions. Comments are due by May 31, 2021.

 June 2, 2021
U.S.: Aircraft Fuel Truck/ Farm Fire Standards

The National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA) has revised its aviation servicing standards to call for the installation of automatic shutdown systems on aircraft fuel trucks and fuel farms. The NFPA standards, typically adopted as requirements by regulatory agencies and local governments, apply to in-service trucks and fuel farms, as well as for new equipment. In-service equipment would need to be retrofitted by June 2, 2021.

 June 12, 2021
FAA: Weight and Balance Program

Extensive changes to how aircraft weight and balance calculations are made were adopted last year under OpSpec Notice 8900.551 and Advisory Circular 120-27F. The compliance effective date is June 12, 2021. The FAA will no longer publish average passenger or baggage weights. Instead, AC 120-27F provides updated methods operators may use to incorporate standard average passenger, crewmember, and baggage weights into an authorized weight and balance control program. Until June 12, operators will have the option to use actual weights or an approved average weight method they have developed. After June 12, operators that have not received amended OpSpecs/MSpecs/LOAs should use actual weights when determining weight and balance.

 June 18, 2021
EASA: GA Aircraft Repairs

These proposed regulatory updates are intended to reduce the administrative burden for “simple changes and simple repairs” of certain GA aircraft registered in Europe. The amendments in this proposal are based on lessons learned and recommendations submitted by affected stakeholders, as well as technological innovations from the industry to “bring moderate safety benefits in a cost-effective manner.” Comments are due by June 18, 2021.

 August 12, 2021
EASA: Landing Performance Criteria

Due to continuing disruptions in the aviation industry from the Covid-19 pandemic, EASA has delayed the effective date of regulations implementing new standards for aircraft landing performance calculations. The new compliance date of the rules, amended on Aug. 1, 2019, and originally set to go into effect on Nov. 5, is now Aug. 12, 2021.   

 May 27, 2021 and August 25, 2021
EASA: Aging Aircraft Structure

Incremental deadlines are set for implementing new and revised EASA regulations to address large turbine airplane structural aging risk factors. These risks include fatigue of the basic type design, widespread fatigue damage, corrosion, fatigue from modifications and repairs, and continued operation with unsafe levels of fatigue cracking. Design approval holders are required to develop data to support continuing structural integrity programs. At the same time, operators of covered airplanes need to revise their aircraft maintenance programs to incorporate those data and to address the adverse effects of modifications and repairs on each airframe. The first of several incremental deadlines, including the submission of compliance plans by STC holders, is May 27, 2021, and August 25, 2021.

Within 12 Months

 November 4, 2021
Runway Surface Assessment Format

In response to the on-going Covid-19 pandemic and the associated challenges facing the aviation industry, ICAO has delayed for one year the applicability date of the new global reporting format (GRF) for assessing runway conditions to Nov. 4, 2021. Under an EASA notice of proposed rulemaking in 2018, the GRF was scheduled to go into effect Nov. 5, 2020. The agencies, in partnership with key international organizations, will continue to provide support to member states and stakeholders as they emerge from the current crisis and revise their implementation plans. In particular, training resources will be enhanced and awareness-raising activities will be re-launched.

 November 25, 2021
Canada: Emergency Locator Transmitters

Starting on Nov. 25, 2021, Canadian-registered commercial and private aircraft required to have an emergency locator transmitter cannot be operated in the country unless it is equipped with one or more ELTs that transmit simultaneously on the 406 MHz and 121.5 MHz frequencies. Foreign-registered aircraft operating in Canada must have at least one 406 MHz ELT. Currently, Canadian Aviation Regulations only require that aircraft operate with one 121.5 MHz ELT, although nearly half of the country's fleet have converted to 406 MHz ELTs.

 December 2, 2021
Australia: Flight Operations

Ten new flight operations regulations will consolidate the operating and flight rules, as well as certification and management requirements, for a variety of aircraft and operations which will apply to all pilots and operators in Australia. They will all commence on Dec. 2, 2021. The regulations covered include general operating and flight rules; certification and management of commercial aircraft operating certificates; and small and large airplanes and rotorcraft. 

 January 1, 2022
Mexico: ADS-B Mandate

ADS-B Out requirements for Mexico are delayed until Jan. 1, 2022. Originally, the mandate was scheduled to go into effect January 1. According to government officials, when the requirements do take effect, they will apply to operations in Mexico Class A, B, C, E airspace and Class E airspace above 10,000 feet. It is required now in Class E airspace over the Gulf of Mexico, at and above 3,000 feet msl within 12 nm of the Mexican coast.

 January 27, 2022
EASA: Airport Flight Information Services

Revised requirements for ATC-provided airport flight information services (AFIS) in Europe go into effect on Jan. 27, 2022. The rules update the elements that are to be included in AFIS live communications or in recorded AFIS broadcasts. Unlike ATIS broadcasts, available only at controlled airports when the ATC tower is in operation, AFIS requirements include transmitting on a 24-hour basis, including at specified non-tower airports.

Beyond 12 Months

 April 30, 2022
Columbia: ADS-B Out Mandate

Starting on April 30, 2022, unless specifically authorized by ATC, no person may operate an aircraft within Colombian territory in any controlled airspace or other airspace in which a transponder is required, without ADS-B Out operational capability.

 September 16, 2022
U.S.: Remote ID of Unmanned Aircraft

New FAR Part 89 requires that after Sept. 16, 2022, no unmanned aircraft can be produced without FAA-approved remote identification capability. After Sept. 16, 2023, no unmanned aircraft can be operated unless it is equipped with remote ID capability as described in Part 89 or is transmitting ADS-B Out under Part 91. A person operating an unmanned aircraft without remote identification must always operate within visual line of sight and in an approved FAA-recognized identification area. On Sept. 16, 2022, the FAA will begin accepting applications from listed types of organizations for FAA-recognized identification areas.

 November 13, 2022
Australia: Airport Certification

Revised Australian airport certification regulations (CASR Part 139) and an accompanying revised manual of standards (MOS) went into effect on Aug. 13, 2020. Under a transition period, operators of certified airports have until Nov. 13, 2022, to comply with the requirements and MOS publications, including developing an airport operations manual.

 December 12, 2022
Canada: Duty/Rest Regulations

Revisions to duty time and rest regulations for Canadian-registered commercial operators go into effect on Dec. 12, 2020 for large air carriers (CAR Part 705), and on Dec. 12, 2022 for commuter and air taxi operators of turbine and non-turbine aircraft (CAR Parts 704 and 703). Transport Canada said the changes include: prescribed flight and duty time limits that respect modern scientific research and international standards to limit the amount of time a crew member can be on the job; and fatigue risk-management systems that will require operators to demonstrate that any variance to the prescribed flight and duty time limits will not adversely affect the level of flight crew fatigue or alertness.

 December 31, 2022
New Zealand ADS-B Out Mandate

Covid-19 pandemic implications have prompted New Zealand to extend its ADS-B Out compliance date for one year from the previous deadline of Dec. 31, 2021. The ADS-B provisions, already mandatory for aircraft flying above 24,500 feet, will apply in the rest of New Zealand’s controlled airspace by Dec. 31, 2022. Financial support to help aircraft owners equip with ADS-B avionics is available on a first-come, first-served basis, with up to $2,500 for ADS-B out and an additional $500 for ADS-B in.

 December 31, 2022
Mexico: CVRs and FDRs

Cockpit voice and flight data equipment requirements for commercial turbine aircraft operations (including air taxis) that were adopted in 2011 by Mexico’s aviation authority will become effective and go into force incrementally from Dec. 31, 2020 through Dec. 31, 2022, based on the number of aircraft in an operators fleet. Generally, the rules apply to turbine airplanes with 10 or more passenger seats and large turbine helicopters flying in Mexico airspace under an international air operator certificate.

 January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CO2 aircraft emissions standards apply to all other new jet design applications made on or after Jan, 1, 2023. The standards also apply to new deliveries of in-production large jets starting Jan. 1, 2028. Jets with mtow under 12,566 pounds, turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, and piston-engine airplanes are exempt.

 June 7, 2023
European ADS-B out Mandate

The ADS-B Out requirement in Europe is Dec. 7, 2020, for aircraft receiving their certificate of airworthiness (C of A) on or after December 7. Aircraft that obtained their C of A between June 6, 1995, and Dec. 7, 2020, must arrange for retrofits to meet the ADS-B Out mandate by June 7, 2023. Both deadlines apply only to aircraft with an mtow exceeding 5,700 kg (12,566 pounds) or having a maximum cruising true airspeed capability greater than 250 knots. Aircraft with a C of A dated before June 6, 1995 are exempt from European ADS-B requirements.

 September 16, 2023
U.S.: Remote ID of Unmanned Aircraft

New FAR Part 89 requires that after Sept. 16, 2023, no unmanned aircraft can be operated unless it is equipped with remote identification capability or is transmitting ADS-B Out under Part 91. A person operating an unmanned aircraft without remote identification must always operate within visual line of sight and in an approved FAA-recognized identification area. Part 89 describes the types of organizations that can apply for an FAA-recognized identification area.

 January 1, 2028
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CO2 aircraft emissions standards apply to new deliveries of in-production large jets starting Jan. 1, 2028. Jets with mtow under 12,566 pounds, turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, and piston-engine airplanes are exempt.