Compliance Countdown

Within 6 Months

 March 28, 2019
North Atlantic Tracks

An upcoming trial of Advanced Surveillance-Enhanced Procedural Separation (ASEPS) using ADS-B in the Shanwick, Gander, and Santa Maria Oceanic Control Areas of the North Atlantic Track is scheduled to begin on or soon after March 28, 2019. Aircraft need to be ADS-B compliant, meet RNP-4 specs and have RVSM approval to participate in the reduced separation trial.

 April 15, 2019
U.S.: Drone Operation

The FAA has issued two notices of proposed rulemaking to allow drones to fly routinely at night and over people without obtaining a waiver and to further integrate them safely into the nation’s airspace. The comment period for these proposals ends on April 15.

 April 23, 2019
FAA: Foreign TC Approvals

An FAA notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) would revise a regulation that currently imposes a duplicative paperwork requirement on foreign applicants for type certificates of import products. Under the NPRM, the agency would require a “compliance listing” to document the means of compliance with applicable standards or a “statement of compliance” from the applicant certifying that all the requirements in the certification basis have been complied with.

Comments are due April 23.

 May 18, 2019 and February 18, 2020
EASA: Halon Banned

Under new EASA Part 26.170 and 26.400, operators of large airplanes and large helicopters for which the first individual certificate of airworthiness is issued on or after May 18, 2019, shall ensure that portable fire extinguishers do not use Halon as the extinguishing agent. This ban applies to built-in lavatory extinguishers on aircraft newly certified on or after Feb. 18, 2020. The goal is to gradually mitigate the environmental impact that Halon extinguishing agents in firefighting equipment have on the ozone and climate.                                                          

 May 27, 2019
EASA: Aircraft Cybersecurity

The European Aviation Safety Agency has issued a Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) that aims to mitigate the potential effects of cybersecurity threats to aircraft electronics. The requirements would replace the use of special conditions to meet these threats with dedicated requirements under specific airframe TC and STC specifications and expand the mandate to all aircraft sizes. Comments are due May 27.                               

 June 1, 2019
Canada: Drone Registration

Transport Canada has issued new rules that require drone pilots to register their aircraft and obtain a pilot certificate by June 1, 2019. The requirements apply to drones weighing between 250 grams and 25 kilograms (8.8 ounces and 55 pounds) that are operated within the pilot’s visual-line-of-sight, regardless of whether the drone is flown for fun, work or research.

 July 1, 2019
Australia: Drone Registration

A staged implementation process is planned whereby registration and accreditation are progressively introduced for remotely piloted aircraft operators in Australia. Initial registration only requirements are scheduled to start on July 1. The mandate will apply to commercial operators of drones of any size and to recreational users of drones weighing more than 250 grams.

Within 12 Months

 December 31, 2019
Taiwan ADS-B Compliance Delayed

The Republic of China postponed from Dec. 31, 2017, to Dec. 31, 2019, compliance with ADS-B out equipment within the Taiwan FIR above FL290. China is forced to delay compliance because too few aircraft are equipped to render the original ADS-B plan achievable. However, the new deadline for Taiwan essentially coincides with the Jan. 1, 2020 U.S. mandate for ADS-B out compliance. Europe’s ADS-B out mandate remains scheduled for June 7, 2020.

 January 1, 2020
U.S. ADS-B out Mandate

ADS-B out equipment must be operational starting Jan.1, 2020 in aircraft that fly in the U.S. under IFR and where transponders are currently required, namely class A, B and C airspace.

 January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards Adopted

The first international standards for CO2 aircraft emissions have been enacted by ICAO and initially apply to large subsonic jets, including business jets, for which the application for a type certificate was submitted on or after Jan. 1, 2020. The standard would apply to new deliveries of current in-production large aircraft starting Jan 1, 2023. All covered in-production airplanes must meet the standard by Jan. 1, 2028. Jet airplanes with an mtow under 12,500 pounds, and piston-engine airplanes and turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, are exempt. 

 December 7, 2017 and January 30, 2020
Expansion of Datalink Com in North Atlantic

Phase 2 of the North Atlantic datalink mandate began with Phase 2a in February 2015, at which time flights within the North Atlantic Tracks (NAT) between FL350 and FL390 must be equipped with Fans 1/A controller-pilot datalink communications (CPDLC) and ADS-C systems. The program expands to these altitudes in the entire ICAO NAT region on Dec. 7, 2017, and to all flights in this region above FL290 on Jan. 30, 2020, a month sooner than the previous revised date. 

 February 5, 2020
European Controller-Pilot Datalink Comm

Europe won’t require aircraft operators to equip for controller-pilot datalink communications (CPDLC) until February 2020, due to technical problems. The European Commission expects the entity managing the Single European Sky ATM Research effort will recommend remedial actions for ground infrastructure issues next year. Additionally, European Commission figures showed that only 40 percent of operators would have been ready to use CPDLC by the original deadline of February this year.

 May 18, 2019 and February 18, 2020
EASA: Halon Banned

Under new EASA Part 26.170 and 26.400, operators of large airplanes and large helicopters for which the first individual certificate of airworthiness is issued on or after May 18, 2019, shall ensure that portable fire extinguishers do not use Halon as the extinguishing agent. This ban applies to built-in lavatory extinguishers on aircraft newly certified on or after Feb. 18, 2020. The goal is to gradually mitigate the environmental impact that Halon extinguishing agents in firefighting equipment have on the ozone and climate.                                                          

Beyond 12 Months

 March 26, 2020
Australia: Flight and Duty Times

Commercial operators, including business aircraft charter and fractional operators, will need to transition to new fatigue requirements by March 26, 2020. The revised rules include a revision of flight and duty periods to align more closely to international averages, an updated approach to approving and monitoring fatigue risk management systems, and improved guidance on flight and duty time limits and fatigue risk management systems.

 June 7, 2020
European ADS-B out Mandate

The ADS-B Out retrofit requirement in Europe takes effect June 7, 2020. This date is about six months later than the U.S. ADS-B Out mandate. The European ADS-B mandate applies only to aircraft with an mtow exceeding 5,700 kg (12,566 pounds) or having a maximum cruising true airspeed capability greater than 250 knots.

 August 14, 2020
EU: Pilot Mental Fitness

More than three years after the copilot deliberately crashed a Germanwings Airbus A320 into a mountain, the European Union has published revised air operations safety rules to incorporate provisions to better identify, assess and treat the psychological fitness of air crew. The new rules, applicable to commercial air transport operators with airplanes and helicopters, go into effect Aug. 14, 2020

 December 31, 2020
Stage 5 Noise Rules Go Into Effect

A more stringent noise standard for newly certified jet airplanes goes into effect starting Dec. 31, 2020 for applications for new aircraft with an mtow of  less than 121,254 pounds. Last December, the revised requirements began to apply to new applications for aircraft with mtow of 121,254 pounds or more. The agency stressed that the rule, known as Stage 5, is “intended only for new aircraft and is not signaling the start of an action aimed at phasing out the existing noise standards that apply to the production or operation of current models.”  

 January 1, 2021
EASA: Cockpit Voice Recorders

Cockpit voice recorders with a recording duration of at least 25 hours will be required on commercial airplanes with an mtow of 60,000 pounds or more manufactured from Jan. 1, 2021.

 January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards Adopted

The first international standards for CO2 aircraft emissions have been enacted by ICAO and initially apply to large subsonic jets, including business jets, for which the application for a type certificate was submitted on or after Jan. 1, 2020. The standard would apply to new deliveries of current in-production large aircraft starting Jan 1, 2023. All covered in-production airplanes must meet the standard by Jan. 1, 2028. Jet airplanes with an mtow under 12,500 pounds, and piston-engine airplanes and turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, are exempt.