Over the next 18 months, domestic and international business aircraft operators face a barrage of nearly 20 significant regulatory compliance deadlines. Some of these regulations and proposed regulations have been on the books of the various aviation authorities around the world for some time and, therefore, should be no surprise to operators. Others are more recent.
Operators need to be aware that certain regulations apply to operations by all nationalities regardless of the aircraft’s registration number, not just the country in which the regulation was adopted. For example, the ADS-B requirements for the countries shown in the accompanying table will apply to all operations within that country irrespective of the country in which the aircraft is registered.
Shown also are regulations that will apply only to operators whose aircraft and operations are registered in that country. For instance, Australia’s new rest and duty times do not affect operations by foreign-registered aircraft.
Finally, there are regulations that result from recommended standards by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and that are intended to apply worldwide once they are adopted by ICAO member states. Examples of such adopted standards are aircraft CO2 emissions deadlines.
Links to the regulations themselves, where operators can determine applicability, are always available at the Compliance Countdown page on ainonline.
Within 6 Months
Dec, 2, 2019 Update
U.S.: Interior Fire Protection
The FAA has extended the comment period from October 1 to December 2 for its proposal to amend certain airworthiness regulations for fire protection of Part 25 aircraft interior compartments. This proposal would convert those flammability regulations from detailed, prescriptive requirements into simpler, performance-based standards.
Dec. 31, 2019
U.S.:NAT MNPS Compliance
U.S. operators with older minimum navigation performance specifications (MNPS) approvals have until December 31 to get these updated if they want to keep flying in the North Atlantic Tracks under new operations specification management letter of authorization (LOA) B039. These requirements have been in effect for nearly two years.
Jan. 1, 2020 2 Months to Deadline
U.S./Taiwan/Mexico: ADS-B Out Mandate
ADS-B Out equipment must be operational starting January 1, 2020, in aircraft that fly in the U.S. under IFR and generally where transponders are currently required, and in Taiwan IFR airspace above FL290. In Mexico, requirements are proposed for a start date of January 1, 2020, in Class A, B, C, E airspace above 10,000 feet, and other specified airspace. The requirement could take effect earlier in some airspace over the Gulf of Mexico.
Jan. 1, 2020
Aircraft CO2 Emissions
The first international standards for carbon dioxide (CO₂) aircraft emissions have been enacted by ICAO and initially apply to large subsonic jets, including business jets, for which the application for a type certificate was submitted on or after January 1, 2020.
Jan. 30, 2020
Datalink Com in North Atlantic
Aircraft flying within the North Atlantic Tracks between FL290 and FL410 must be equipped with FANS-1/A controller-pilot datalink communications and ADS-C starting on Jan. 30, 2020. Aircraft that are not FANS-equipped will be able to operate at cruise altitudes of FL430 and above.
Feb. 18, 2020
EASA: Halon Banned
Under EASA rules, operators of large airplanes and large helicopters shall ensure that built-in lavatory extinguishers on aircraft newly certified on or after February 18, 2020 do not use Halon as the extinguishing agent. The goal is to gradually mitigate the environmental impact that Halon extinguishing agents in firefighting equipment have on the ozone layer and climate. The requirement applied to portable extinguishers on these classes of aircraft starting from May 2018.
Within 12 Months
June 7, 2020
7 Months to Deadline
Europe: ADS-B Out Mandate
The ADS-B Out retrofit requirement in Europe takes effect June 7, 2020. This mandate applies only to aircraft with a mtow exceeding 5,700 kg (12,566 pounds) or having a maximum cruising speed greater than 250 knots. .
Aug. 14, 2020
EU: Pilot Mental Fitness
The European Union has published revised air operations safety rules to incorporate provisions to better identify, assess, and treat the psychological fitness of air crew. The rules, applicable to commercial air transport operators, go into effect Aug. 14, 2020. The requirements include mandatory alcohol testing of flight crews during ramp checks.
Oct 1, 2020
Australia: Rest and Duty Times
New fatigue rules apply to holders of commercial air operator certificates, including charter, on-demand air taxis, and Part 141 flight schools. Operators who select the prescribed limits must be in compliance by June 30, 2020. Operators who develop their own fatigue risk management system must be in compliance starting Oct. 1, 2020.
Beyond 12 Months
Feb. 25, 2021 and Jan. 27, 2022
15 Months to Deadline
Canada: ADS-B Out Mandate
The implementation date of Feb. 25, 2021 is proposed for ADS-B use in Canadian domestic airspace, initially limited to Class A airspace. The mandate would be expanded to include Class B airspace above 12,500 feet on Jan. 27, 2022. Beyond this date, expansion of ADS-B requirements to other Canadian domestic airspace will be based on an assessment of the safety and efficiency requirements for specific airports.